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A Social History of Knowledge II PDF Author: Peter Burke
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745659616
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 248

Book Description
Peter Burke follows up his magisterial Social History of Knowledge, picking up where the first volume left off around 1750 at the publication of the French Encyclopédie and following the story through to Wikipedia. Like the previous volume, it offers a social history (or a retrospective sociology of knowledge) in the sense that it focuses not on individuals but on groups, institutions, collective practices and general trends. The book is divided into 3 parts. The first argues that activities which appear to be timeless - gathering knowledge, analysing, disseminating and employing it - are in fact time-bound and take different forms in different periods and places. The second part tries to counter the tendency to write a triumphalist history of the 'growth' of knowledge by discussing losses of knowledge and the price of specialization. The third part offers geographical, sociological and chronological overviews, contrasting the experience of centres and peripheries and arguing that each of the main trends of the period - professionalization, secularization, nationalization, democratization, etc, coexisted and interacted with its opposite. As ever, Peter Burke presents a breath-taking range of scholarship in prose of exemplary clarity and accessibility. This highly anticipated second volume will be essential reading across the humanities and social sciences.

A Social History of Knowledge II

A Social History of Knowledge II PDF Author: Peter Burke
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745659616
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 248

Book Description
Peter Burke follows up his magisterial Social History of Knowledge, picking up where the first volume left off around 1750 at the publication of the French Encyclopédie and following the story through to Wikipedia. Like the previous volume, it offers a social history (or a retrospective sociology of knowledge) in the sense that it focuses not on individuals but on groups, institutions, collective practices and general trends. The book is divided into 3 parts. The first argues that activities which appear to be timeless - gathering knowledge, analysing, disseminating and employing it - are in fact time-bound and take different forms in different periods and places. The second part tries to counter the tendency to write a triumphalist history of the 'growth' of knowledge by discussing losses of knowledge and the price of specialization. The third part offers geographical, sociological and chronological overviews, contrasting the experience of centres and peripheries and arguing that each of the main trends of the period - professionalization, secularization, nationalization, democratization, etc, coexisted and interacted with its opposite. As ever, Peter Burke presents a breath-taking range of scholarship in prose of exemplary clarity and accessibility. This highly anticipated second volume will be essential reading across the humanities and social sciences.

What is the History of Knowledge?

What is the History of Knowledge? PDF Author: Peter Burke
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1509503064
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 160

Book Description
What is the history of knowledge? This engaging and accessible introduction explains what is distinctive about the new field of the history of knowledge (or, as some scholars say, ‘knowledges in the plural’) and how it differs from the history of science, intellectual history, the sociology of knowledge or from cultural history. Leading cultural historian, Peter Burke, draws upon examples of this new kind of history from different periods and from the history of India, East Asia and the Islamic world as well as from Europe and the Americas. He discusses some of the main concepts used by scholars working in the field, among them ‘order of knowledge’, ‘situated knowledge’ and ‘knowledge society’. This book tells the story of the transformation of relatively raw ‘information’ into knowledge via processes of classification, verification and so on, the dissemination of this knowledge and finally its employment for different purposes, by governments, corporations or private individuals. A concluding chapter identifies central problems in the history of knowledge, from triumphalism to relativism, together with attempts to solve them. The only book of its kind yet to be published, What is the History of Knowledge? will be essential reading for all students of history and the humanities in general, as well as the interested general reader.

Johann Friedrich Schannat (1683-1739)

Johann Friedrich Schannat (1683-1739) PDF Author: Joëlle Weis
Publisher: De Gruyter Oldenbourg
ISBN: 9783110668346
Category : History
Languages : de
Pages : 437

Book Description
Der in Luxemburg geborene Gelehrte Johann Friedrich Schannat (1683-1739) zählte zu den bedeutendsten katholischen Historikern seiner Generation, die im Schatten einer aufgeklärten Geschichtsschreibung bisher nur wenig Beachtung erhielt. Dieser Band untersucht auf Basis seiner Korrespondenz die Vielfalt der Praktiken, die die historisch-kritische Gelehrsamkeit im frühen 18. Jahrhundert charakterisierte. Die Briefe geben Einblick in die Wissenserzeugung des Gelehrten und zeigen eindrücklich, welch zentrale Rolle dabei seinem Netzwerk zukam. Der Aufbau und Erhalt von Kontakten, aber ebenso die Versuche auf ideeller Ebene eine Gemeinschaft herzustellen, müssen als integrale Bestandteile der Gelehrsamkeit verstanden werden, die nur als hochspezialisiertes Gemeinschaftsunternehmen Erfolg haben konnte.

A Social History of Knowledge

A Social History of Knowledge PDF Author: Peter Burke
Publisher: Polity
ISBN: 9780745624853
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 268

Book Description
In this book Peter Burke adopts a socio-cultural approach to examine the changes in the organization of knowledge in Europe from the invention of printing to the publication of the French Encyclopedie. The book opens with an assessment of different sociologies of knowledge from Mannheim to Foucault and beyond, and goes on to discuss intellectuals as a social group and the social institutions (especially universities and academies) which encouraged or discouraged intellectual innovation. Then, in a series of separate chapters, Burke explores the geography, anthropology, politics and economics of knowledge, focusing on the role of cities, academies, states and markets in the process of gathering, classifying, spreading and sometimes concealing information. The final chapters deal with knowledge from the point of view of the individual reader, listener, viewer or consumer, including the problem of the reliability of knowledge discussed so vigorously in the seventeenth century. One of the most original features of this book is its discussion of knowledges in the plural. It centres on printed knowledge, especially academic knowledge, but it treats the history of the knowledge 'explosion' which followed the invention of printing and the discovery of the world beyond Europe as a process of exchange or negotiation between different knowledges, such as male and female, theoretical and practical, high-status and low-status, and European and non-European. Although written primarily as a contribution to social or socio-cultural history, this book will also be of interest to historians of science, sociologists, anthropologists, geographers and others in another age of information explosion.

A Social History of Truth

A Social History of Truth PDF Author: Steven Shapin
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226750194
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 515

Book Description
How do we come to trust our knowledge of the world? What are the means by which we distinguish true from false accounts? Why do we credit one observational statement over another? In A Social History of Truth, Shapin engages these universal questions through an elegant recreation of a crucial period in the history of early modern science: the social world of gentlemen-philosophers in seventeenth-century England. Steven Shapin paints a vivid picture of the relations between gentlemanly culture and scientific practice. He argues that problems of credibility in science were practically solved through the codes and conventions of genteel conduct: trust, civility, honor, and integrity. These codes formed, and arguably still form, an important basis for securing reliable knowledge about the natural world. Shapin uses detailed historical narrative to argue about the establishment of factual knowledge both in science and in everyday practice. Accounts of the mores and manners of gentlemen-philosophers are used to illustrate Shapin's broad claim that trust is imperative for constituting every kind of knowledge. Knowledge-making is always a collective enterprise: people have to know whom to trust in order to know something about the natural world.

A Brief History of Knowledge for Social Science Researchers

A Brief History of Knowledge for Social Science Researchers PDF Author: Deborah Court
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780367370794
Category : Social sciences
Languages : en
Pages : 82

Book Description
A Brief History of Knowledge for Social Science Researchers outlines a history of knowledge from Ancient Greece to present day, in Europe and the Western world. This outline provides the basis for understanding where various research methods originate, and their epistemological, historical, political and social roots. This book provides social science researchers with an understanding of how research methods developed, and how their truth criteria, and what is accepted as knowledge, spring from human history. Research is often reduced to data collection, results and publication in the stressful, results-oriented academic environment. But research is a human enterprise, a product of both individual creativity and historical, political and social conditions. This book will focus on how shared research criteria (as we know them today) were developed through the work and thought of philosophers, social activists and researchers. This book will be useful for graduate and post-graduate students, particularly those studying Research Methods, and Philosophy of Science courses; and for experienced social science researchers who wish to understand how research methods have developed in human history.

A Social History of Knowledge

A Social History of Knowledge PDF Author: Peter Burke
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780745624846
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

Book Description


Joint Documents of the State of Michigan for the Year ...

Joint Documents of the State of Michigan for the Year ... PDF Author: Michigan
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Administrative agencies
Languages : en
Pages :

Book Description


A Smaller Social History of Ancient Ireland

A Smaller Social History of Ancient Ireland PDF Author: Patrick Weston Joyce
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Ireland
Languages : en
Pages : 574

Book Description


A History of the Modern Fact

A History of the Modern Fact PDF Author: Mary Poovey
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226675268
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 419

Book Description
How did the fact become modernity's most favored unit of knowledge? How did description come to seem separable from theory in the precursors of economics and the social sciences? Mary Poovey explores these questions in A History of the Modern Fact, ranging across an astonishing array of texts and ideas from the publication of the first British manual on double-entry bookkeeping in 1588 to the institutionalization of statistics in the 1830s. She shows how the production of systematic knowledge from descriptions of observed particulars influenced government, how numerical representation became the privileged vehicle for generating useful facts, and how belief—whether figured as credit, credibility, or credulity—remained essential to the production of knowledge. Illuminating the epistemological conditions that have made modern social and economic knowledge possible, A History of the Modern Fact provides important contributions to the history of political thought, economics, science, and philosophy, as well as to literary and cultural criticism.