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Archaeology, History and Science PDF Author: Marcos Martinon-Torres
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315433559
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 237

Book Description
Using a combination of historical, archaeological, and scientific data is not an uncommon research practice. Rarely found, however, is a more overt critical consideration of how these sources of information relate to each other, or explicit attempts at developing successful strategies for interdisciplinary work. The authors in this volume provide such critical perspectives, examining materials from a wide range of cultures and time periods to demonstrate the added value of combining in their research seemingly incompatible or even contradictory sources. Case studies include explorations of the symbolism of flint knives in ancient Egypt, the meaning of cuneiform glass texts, medieval metallurgical traditions, and urban archaeology at industrial sites. This volume is noteworthy, as it offers novel contributions to specific topics, as well as fundamental reflections on the problems and potentials of the interdisciplinary study of the human past.

Archaeology, History and Science

Archaeology, History and Science PDF Author: Marcos Martinon-Torres
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315433559
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 237

Book Description
Using a combination of historical, archaeological, and scientific data is not an uncommon research practice. Rarely found, however, is a more overt critical consideration of how these sources of information relate to each other, or explicit attempts at developing successful strategies for interdisciplinary work. The authors in this volume provide such critical perspectives, examining materials from a wide range of cultures and time periods to demonstrate the added value of combining in their research seemingly incompatible or even contradictory sources. Case studies include explorations of the symbolism of flint knives in ancient Egypt, the meaning of cuneiform glass texts, medieval metallurgical traditions, and urban archaeology at industrial sites. This volume is noteworthy, as it offers novel contributions to specific topics, as well as fundamental reflections on the problems and potentials of the interdisciplinary study of the human past.

History as a Science: The Philosophy of R.G. Collingwood

History as a Science: The Philosophy of R.G. Collingwood PDF Author: Jan van der Dussen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789024724536
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 506

Book Description
1. 1. COLLINGWOOD'S RECEPTION Collingwood's scholarly reputation is a complicated and variegated affair. For one has not only to make a' distinction between his reputation during his life and after his premature death in 1943, but also between his reputation as a philosopher and as an archaeologist and historian. Collingwood himself considered philosophy as his primary occupation and his work in archaeology and history as that of an amateur. This work, however, reached the highest standards and his contributions to archaeology and history have always been appreciated accordingly. Though Collingwood's reputation as the main expert on Roman Britain in the period between the two wars remains unchallenged, modern developments in this field have inevitably superseded his contributions and made them primarily voices from a past period. Philosophy was the other half of Collingwood's scholarly life. In his own thinking there was always a close relationship between philosophy and archaeological and histor ical practice. His interpreters have not always recognized this connection. I have met archaeologists who were surprised to hear that Collingwood was a philosopher as well, who either did not know that he had been a practising and philosophers archaeologist and historian, or thought it no more than a private hobby. Collingwood's reputation as a philosopher was very different from the one he gained in archaeology and history. For in the philosophical climate at Oxford between the wars he was always an isolated figure.

The Archaeology of Science

The Archaeology of Science PDF Author: Michael Brian Schiffer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319000772
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 204

Book Description
This manual pulls together—and illustrates with interesting case studies—the variety of specialized and generalized archaeological research strategies that yield new insights into science. Throughout the book there are templates, consisting of questions, to help readers visualize and design their own projects. The manual seeks to be as general as possible, applicable to any society, and so science is defined as the creation of useful knowledge—the kinds of knowledge that enable people to make predictions. The chapters in Part I discuss the scope of the archaeology of science and furnish a conceptual foundation for the remainder of the book. Next, Part II presents several specialized, but widely practiced, research strategies that contribute to the archaeology of science. In order to thoroughly ground the manual in real-life applications, Part III presents lengthy case studies that feature the use of historical and archaeological evidence in the study of scientific activities.

Archaeology

Archaeology PDF Author: Mark Q. Sutton
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon
ISBN: 9780205572373
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 440

Book Description
The Third Edition of this recent entry into the introductory archaeology market conveys the excitement of archaeological discovery and explains how archaeologists think as they scientifically find, analyze, and interpret evidence.

Thinking from Things

Thinking from Things PDF Author: Alison Wylie
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520935403
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 357

Book Description
In this long-awaited compendium of new and newly revised essays, Alison Wylie explores how archaeologists know what they know. Examining the history and methodology of Anglo-American archaeology, Wylie puts the tumultuous debates of the last thirty years in historical and philosophical perspective.

Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution

Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution PDF Author: Smithsonian Institution
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Discoveries in science
Languages : en
Pages : 988

Book Description


Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution

Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution PDF Author: Smithsonian Institution. Board of Regents
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Discoveries in science
Languages : en
Pages : 986

Book Description
Reports for 1884-1886/87 issued in 2 pts., pt. 2 being the Report of the National Museum.

Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution

Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 978

Book Description


Landscape archaeology between art and science

Landscape archaeology between art and science PDF Author: E.B. Guttmann-Bond
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
ISBN: 9048516072
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 562

Book Description
Researchers in landscape archaeology use two different definitions of landscape. One definition (landscape as territory) is used by the processual archaeologists, earth scientists, and most historical geographers within this volume. By contrast, post-processual archaeologists, new cultural geographers and anthropologists favour a more abstract definition of landscape, based on how it is perceived by the observer. Both definitions are addressed in this book, with 35 papers that are presented here and that are divided into six themes: 1) How did landscape change?; 2) Improving temporal, chronological and transformational frameworks; 3) Linking landscapes of lowlands with mountainous areas; 4) Applying concepts of scale; 5) New directions in digital prospection and modelling techniques, and 6) How will landscape archaeology develop in the future? This volume demonstrates a worldwide interest in landscape archaeology, and the research presented here draws upon and integrates the humanities and sciences. This interdisciplinary approach is rapidly gaining support in new regions where such collaborations were previously uncommon.

Unlocking the Past

Unlocking the Past PDF Author: Martin Jones
Publisher: Arcade
ISBN: 9781628724479
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 348

Book Description
In Unlocking the Past, Martin Jones, a leading expert at the forefront of bioarchaeology—the discipline that gave Michael Crichton the premise for Jurassic Park—explains how this pioneering science is rewriting human history and unlocking stories of the past that could never have been told before. For the first time, the building blocks of ancient life—DNA, proteins, and fats that have long been trapped in fossils and earth and rock—have become widely accessible to science. Working at the cutting edge of genetic and other molecular technologies, researchers have been probing the remains of these ancient biomolecules in human skeletons, sediments and fossilized plants, dinosaur bones, and insects trapped in amber. Their amazing discoveries have influenced the archaeological debate at almost every level and continue to reshape our understanding of the past. Devising a molecular clock from a certain area of DNA, scientists were able to determine that all humans descend from one common female ancestor, dubbed “The Mitochondrial Eve,” who lived around 150,000 years ago. From molecules recovered through grinding stones and potsherds, they reconstructed ancient diets and posited when such practices as dairying and boiling water for cooking began. They have reconstituted the beer left in the burial chamber of pharaohs and know what the Iceman, the five-thousand-year-old hunter found in the Alps in the early nineties, ate before his last journey. Conveying both the excitement of innovative research and the sometimes bruising rough-and-tumble of scientific debate, Jones has written a work of profound importance. Unlocking the Past is science at its most engaging.