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Tying the Threads of Eurasia PDF Author: Toby Christopher Wilkinson
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

Book Description
This thesis aims to examine trade and interaction routes and the flow of materials along them across Eurasia during the period c. 3000-1500BC. Two regions 'eastern Anatolia' and 'western Central Asia' form the geographical case studies for this research. Different sources of evidence for interaction, both direct and indirect, are examined. In Chapter 1, the initial frameworks of research, landscape and chronology are introduced, followed by a review of our knowledge on transportation technologies during the 3rd and 2nd millennia BC and a reflection on the kinds of archaeological evidence from which we expect to gather movement and interaction. Chapter 2 critically examines the traditional approach to route reconstruction, based on the principle of 'route inertia', and presents an assembly of data about routes in different historical periods to assess the usefulness of this approach. Chapter 3 builds on this critique of routes to consider how GIS might contribute new ways to visualize routes and interaction. An experimental model of movement based on 'cost-surface analysis' is proposed as an additional tool for the interpretation of distributions in geographical context: these visualizations are termed 'archaeotopograms'. Chapters 4, 5 and 6 form the substantive core of the thesis, synthesizing direct and indirect evidence for the flow of 3 categories of material: stone, metals and textiles respectively. Raw materials, trends in consumption and displaced material aesthetics (e.g. skeuomorphs) are mapped and 'archaeotopograms', based on suitable datasets, are created. Chapter 7 attempts to bring together these diverse data into a chronological narrative and highlight patterns that indicate low-level but important interconnections between our case-study regions and the wider ancient Near East and wider Eurasia. In the concluding chapter 8, the outcomes of the thesis are summarized. Here it is argued that the constant transformation of 'indigenous cultural foci' drove the evolution of routes and development of long-term cultural-economic interaction.

Tying the Threads of Eurasia

Tying the Threads of Eurasia PDF Author: Toby Christopher Wilkinson
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

Book Description
This thesis aims to examine trade and interaction routes and the flow of materials along them across Eurasia during the period c. 3000-1500BC. Two regions 'eastern Anatolia' and 'western Central Asia' form the geographical case studies for this research. Different sources of evidence for interaction, both direct and indirect, are examined. In Chapter 1, the initial frameworks of research, landscape and chronology are introduced, followed by a review of our knowledge on transportation technologies during the 3rd and 2nd millennia BC and a reflection on the kinds of archaeological evidence from which we expect to gather movement and interaction. Chapter 2 critically examines the traditional approach to route reconstruction, based on the principle of 'route inertia', and presents an assembly of data about routes in different historical periods to assess the usefulness of this approach. Chapter 3 builds on this critique of routes to consider how GIS might contribute new ways to visualize routes and interaction. An experimental model of movement based on 'cost-surface analysis' is proposed as an additional tool for the interpretation of distributions in geographical context: these visualizations are termed 'archaeotopograms'. Chapters 4, 5 and 6 form the substantive core of the thesis, synthesizing direct and indirect evidence for the flow of 3 categories of material: stone, metals and textiles respectively. Raw materials, trends in consumption and displaced material aesthetics (e.g. skeuomorphs) are mapped and 'archaeotopograms', based on suitable datasets, are created. Chapter 7 attempts to bring together these diverse data into a chronological narrative and highlight patterns that indicate low-level but important interconnections between our case-study regions and the wider ancient Near East and wider Eurasia. In the concluding chapter 8, the outcomes of the thesis are summarized. Here it is argued that the constant transformation of 'indigenous cultural foci' drove the evolution of routes and development of long-term cultural-economic interaction.

TYING THE THREADS OF EURASIA : A103113916

TYING THE THREADS OF EURASIA : A103113916 PDF Author: t.c WILKINSON
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

Book Description


Tying the Threads of Eurasia

Tying the Threads of Eurasia PDF Author: Toby C. Wilkinson
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 406

Book Description
The famous 'Silk Roads' have long evoked a romantic picture of travel through colourful civilizations, but how far back can we trace these trade-networks?

Tying the Threads of Eurasia

Tying the Threads of Eurasia PDF Author: Toby C. Wilkinson
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789088903878
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 408

Book Description
The famous 'Silk Roads' have long evoked a romantic picture of travel through colourful civilizations that connected the western and eastern poles of Eurasia, facilitating the exchange of exotic luxury goods, peoples, pathogens and ideas. But how far back can we trace such interaction? Increasing evidence suggests considerable time-depth for Trans-Eurasian exchange, with the expanding urban networks of the Bronze Age at times anticipating later caravan routes. Tying the Threads of Eurasia applies advanced GIS modelling and critical social archaeology to carefully selected material remains from these earlier connections in order to understand and explain macro-scale processes of interaction in the wider ancient Near East between 3000 and 1500BC. Evidence related to precious stone, metal and textile objects found in Transcaucasia, eastern Anatolia and Central Asia are examined critically and spatially to provide new insights into changing socio-economic relations within and beyond these case-study regions. This book will be of interest to archaeologists and historians researching routes of exchange and interaction, macro-scale historical change or GIS approaches to archaeology, and to specialists of the Bronze Age Near East, especially Anatolia, the Caucasus, Central Asia and Iran.

Fitful Histories and Unruly Publics: Rethinking Temporality and Community in Eurasian Archaeology

Fitful Histories and Unruly Publics: Rethinking Temporality and Community in Eurasian Archaeology PDF Author:
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004325476
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 360

Book Description
Fitful Histories and Unruly Publics re-examines the relationship between Eurasia’s past and present, demonstrating that social life in ancient Eurasia was considerably more unruly than research has traditionally allowed.

Germania

Germania PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Germany
Languages : de
Pages :

Book Description


Markets and Exchanges in Pre-Modern and Traditional Societies

Markets and Exchanges in Pre-Modern and Traditional Societies PDF Author: Juan Carlos Moreno Garcia
Publisher: Oxbow Books
ISBN: 1789256143
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 448

Book Description
Markets emerge in recent historical research as important spheres of economic interaction in ancient societies. In the case of ancient Egypt, traditional models imagined an all-encompassing centralized, bureaucratic economy that left practically no place for market transactions, as many surviving documents only described the activities of the royal palace and of huge institutions?mainly temples. Yet scattered references in the sources reveal that markets and traders were crucial actors in the economic life of ancient Egypt. In this perspective, this volume aims to discuss the role of markets, traders and economic interaction (not necessarily organized through markets) and the use of “money” (metals, valuable commodities) in pre-modern societies, based on archaeological, anthropological and historical evidence. Furthermore, it intends to integrate different perspectives about the social organization of transactions and exchanges and the different forms taken by markets, from meeting places where exchanges operated under ritualized procedures and conventions, to markets in which profit-seeking activities were marginal in respect with other practices that stressed, on the contrary, community collaboration. The book also deals with social forms of pre-modern exchanges in which trust and ethnic solidarity guaranteed the validity of commercial operations in the absence of formal codes of laws or accepted authorities over long distances (trade diasporas, guilds, etc.). Finally, the volume analyzes a critical aspect of small-scale trade and markets, such as the commercialization of agricultural household production and its impact on the peasant economic strategies. In all, the book covers a diversity of topics in which recent research in the fields of economic sociology, archaeology, anthropology, economics and history proves invaluable in order to analyze the role of Egyptian trade in a broader perspective, as well as to suggest new venues of comparative research, theoretical reflection and dialogue between Egyptology and social sciences. The book will also address pre-modern social organizations of trade activities in which trust and ethnic solidarity guaranteed the validity of commercial operations in the absence of formal codes of laws or accepted authorities over long distances, particularly trade diasporas, guilds, etc. This book will be the first in the new series from Oxbow, Multidisciplinary Approaches to Ancient Societies.

The Oxford History of the Ancient Near East: Volume II

The Oxford History of the Ancient Near East: Volume II PDF Author: Karen Radner
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190687592
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 656

Book Description
This groundbreaking, five-volume series offers a comprehensive, fully illustrated history of Egypt and Western Asia (the Levant, Anatolia, Mesopotamia, and Iran), from the emergence of complex states to the conquest of Alexander the Great. Written by a diverse, international team of leading scholars whose expertise brings to life the people, places, and times of the remote past, the volumes in this series focus firmly on the political and social histories of the states and communities of the ancient Near East. Individual chapters present the key textual and material sources underpinning the historical reconstruction, paying particular attention to the most recent archaeological finds and their impact on our historical understanding of the periods surveyed. The second volume covers broadly the first half of the second millennium BC or in archaeological terms, the Middle Bronze Age. Eleven chapters present the history of the Near East, beginning with the First Intermediate Period and Middle Kingdom Egypt and the Mesopotamian kingdoms of Ur (Third Dynasty), Isin and Larsa. The complex mosaic of competing states that arose between the Eastern Mediterranean, the Anatolian highlands and the Zagros mountains of Iran are all treated, culminating in an examination of the kingdom of Babylon founded by Hammurabi and maintained by his successors. Beyond the narrative history of each region considered, the volume treats a wide range of critical topics, including the absolute chronology; state formation and disintegration; the role of kingship, cult practice and material culture in the creation and maintenance of social hierarchies; and long-distance trade-both terrestrial and maritime-as a vital factor in the creation of social, political and economic networks that bridged deserts, oceans, and mountain ranges, binding together the extraordinarily diverse peoples and polities of Sub-Saharan Africa, the Near East, and Central Asia.

Trade and Civilisation

Trade and Civilisation PDF Author: Kristian Kristiansen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108611885
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages :

Book Description
This book provides the first global analysis of the relationship between trade and civilisation from the beginning of civilisation 3000 BC until the modern era 1600 AD. Encompassing the various networks including the Silk Road, the Indian Ocean trade, Near Eastern family traders of the Bronze Age, and the Medieval Hanseatic League, it examines the role of the individual merchant, the products of trade, the role of the state, and the technical conditions for land and sea transport that created diverging systems of trade and in the development of global trade networks. Trade networks, however, were not durable. The the establishment and decline of great trading network systems, and how they related to the expansion of civilisation, and to different forms of social and economic exploitation. Case studies focus on local conditions as well as global networks until the 16th century when the whole globe was connected by trade.

Working at Home in the Ancient Near East

Working at Home in the Ancient Near East PDF Author: Juliette Mas
Publisher: Archaeopress Publishing Ltd
ISBN: 1789695929
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 124

Book Description
This volume examines the organization, scale, and the socio-economic role played by institutional and non-institutional households, as well as the social use of domestic spaces in Bronze Age Mesopotamia.